- According to a recent International Labour Organization report titled “World Social Protection Report 2020–22,” 4.1 billion people worldwide live without any type of social safety net.
- The pandemic response was unequal and insufficient, according to the report. As a result, Covid-19 has emphasised the significance of establishing universal social protection.
- The International Labour Organization (ILO) is a United Nations specialized agency. It is the only UN agency that is divided into three parts. It brings together 187 member states’ governments, companies, and employees to define labour standards, develop laws, and implement programs that promote decent work for all women and men.
- Covid-19 has worsened pervasive issues like high levels of economic instability, chronic poverty, rising inequality, widespread informality, and a shaky social compact.
- In the framework of COVID-19, the World Social Protection Report presents a worldwide review of progress made around the world in extending social protection and creating rights-based social protection systems during the last decade.
- Access to health care and economic security measures, particularly in relation to old age, unemployment, sickness, disability, job injury, maternity, or the loss of a family’s primary earner, as well as additional help for families with children.
- The International Labour Organization has released the World Social Protection Report (ILO).
- The pandemic is thought to have raised the number of children living in low-income families by more than 142 million, increasing the total to about 725 million.
- A billion people were living in poverty, with no social safety net in place.
Only 46.9% of the global population received at least one form of social protection in 2020.
- Only 26.4 percent of youngsters in the world receive social assistance.
In other regions, effective social protection is very low: 18 percent in Asia and the Pacific, 15.4% in the Arab States, and 12.6% in Africa.
- National spending on social protection for children is only 1.1 percent of GDP on average, compared to 7% of GDP on pensions.
- Steps Taken by Indian Government to Provide Social Security Benefits:
- Pradhan Mantri Jan Aarogya Yojana (PM-JAY)
- National Health Policy 2017
- Social Security Code 2020
- Pradhan Mantri Shram Yogi Maan-dhan (PM-SYM)
- Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan
- PM Garib Kalyan Ann Yojana (PMGKAY)
- One Nation One Ration Card
- Atmanirbhar Bharat Rozgar Yojana
- Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA)
- Increased population coverage has made significant progress. However, there are still impediments to healthcare access in the form of: out-of-pocket costs for health services, and lack of insurance coverage. Physical distance, health-care quality and acceptability, long wait times, opportunity costs such as lost work time, and so on.
- The cornerstone of a human-centered approach to achieving social justice is establishing universal social protection and attaining the human right to social security for all.
- Collective finance, broad risk-pooling, and rights-based entitlements are critical preconditions for ensuring effective and shock-responsive access to healthcare for all.
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